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Batterham, A MBooth, D Daley, K.Downey, B MN(Finn, CForbes-Ewan, CHopkins, W G(Martin, D TN(
Morrison, J P
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Olivier, SN( Seiler, S
Sleivert, G GT83aerobic, anaerobic, athlete, fatigue, periodizationxXUanalysis, case study, design, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample, statistics article, peer review, publishathlete, career, Olympicsathlete, coach.,'athlete, coach, litigation, risk, train4/athlete, endurance, ergogenic, heat acclimationd_banned substance, blood doping, cross-country skiing, EPO, ergogenic, HES, hydroxy-ethyl starch <9carbohydrate, diet, sodium, hyponatremia, ultra-endurance<7case study, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample,&case study, paradigm, research, samplePMconfidence limits, hypothesis test, inference, probability, research analysisd`contract, graduate, independent study, planning, research design, supervisor, tertiary education83effect magnitude, P value, statistical significanceLFeffect statistics, inference, quantitative analysis, simple statisticsPLenvironment, elite athlete, heredity, nature, nurture, talent identificationH,(ethics, participants, research, subjects4/Internet, kinesiology, news, physical education$nutrition, resistance trainingZ"! $Hopkins, W G
2002:3Probabilities of clinical or practical significance\Sportscience6r4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/wghprob.htm (638 words)
News:3effect magnitude, P value, statistical significancefProbabilities that the true value of an effect is beneficial, trivial and harmful are more meaningful than the traditional P value. The meaning is enhanced by expressing the probabilities in qualitative terms such as unlikely, almost certainly, and so on. I present here a table for assigning such terms to probabilities, and a link to a slide show on statistical vs clinical or practical significance.0)http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/wghprob.htma'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzdHopkins, W G
2002Dimensions of researchSportscience6r4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/wghdim.htm (2208 words).'Research resource; perspectives article\\Uanalysis, case study, design, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample, statistics
Identification of the various dimensions or components of research projects may be helpful for research students and supervisors confused about the different kinds of project they can undertake. In my experience, research consists of the following dimensions: the nature of the research topic (physical, biological, psychological, behavioral, social), scope of enquiry (single case vs sample of a population), mode of enquiry (observational vs interventionist), methods of acquisition and analysis of data or information (quantitative vs qualitative), ideological stance (objective vs subjective), and political stance (impartial vs partisan). The terms quantitative research and qualitative research and the so-called research paradigmspositivism, interpretivism, radical, and so ondefine projects within certain regions of the multidimensional research space. Researchers who choose an unusual region of this space for a project may gain new insights but may struggle to publish in journals devoted to more popular regions..(http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/wghdim.htm'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzHopkins, W G
2002$What is research? [Slideshow]oSportscience6 >8sportsci.org/jour/0201/What_is_research.ppt (2220 words)82Research resource; perspectives article; slideshow\Uanalysis, case study, design, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample, statistics\How to do research: solve a problem, publish. Dissecting the dimensions of research: topic, scope, mode, methods, ideology, politics. Reassembling the Dimensions: quantitative vs qualitative research.82http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/What_is_research.ppt'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzpHopkins, W G
2002,&Quantitative data analysis [Slideshow]Sportscience6eD=sportsci.org/jour/0201/Quantitative_analysis.ppt (2046 words)p("Research resource; news; slideshowLFeffect statistics, inference, quantitative analysis, simple statisticsSummarizing data: variables; simple statistics; effect statistics and statistical models; complex models. Generalizing from sample to population: precision of estimate, confidence limits, statistical significance, p value, errors.>7http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/Quantitative_analysis.ppt'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nz Hopkins, W G
2002D=Statistical vs clinical or practical significance [Slideshow]tSportscience60F?sportsci.org/jour/0201/Statistical_vs_clinical.ppt (1507 words)w("Research resource; news; slideshow:3effect magnitude, P value, statistical significance\Statistical significance, P values and null hypotheses, confidence limits, precision of estimation, clinical or practical significance, probabilities of benefit and harm, examples.@9http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/Statistical_vs_clinical.ppt'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzHopkins, W G
2002@9Comment on qualitative vs quantitative designs [Response]pSportscience6b81sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db (629 words)
News,&case study, paradigm, research, sample0*Disagreement about the nature of research.2,http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzf.(Morrison, J P
Hopkins, W G
Sleivert, G G
2002XRLittle effect of training in the heat on cycling performance at normal temperatureSportscience6b2+sportsci.org/jour/0201/jpm.htm (4278 words)fOriginal researchg6/athlete, endurance, ergogenic, heat acclimation,%http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/jpm.htm'Exercise Science, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 5224; Sports Studies, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand 1020; Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3. Email will=AT=clear.net.nz|Batterham, A M
2002D>Comment on probabilities of clinical or practical significanceSportscience6\0*sportsci.org/jour/0201/amb.htm (725 words)
News:3effect magnitude, P value, statistical significancef,%http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/amb.htmt'}Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom. Email a.m.batterham=AT=bath.ac.uk.Batterham, A M
2002(!Comment on dimensions of research.Sportscience6\4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/ambdim.htm (1795 words)\Uanalysis, case study, design, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample, statisticsf.(http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/ambdim.htm'}Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom. Email a.m.batterham=AT=bath.ac.ukdBooth, D
2002>7Comment on qualitative vs quantitative designs [letter]rSportscience6\82sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db (1266 words)
News,&case study, paradigm, research, sample0*Disagreement about the nature of research.2,http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db'pjSchool of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Email dbooth=AT=pooka.otago.ac.nz Daley, K./
2002$Moving Together: Newsletter 32Sportscience6a&sportsci.org/jour/0201/mt32.htm\
NewsSportscience6/Internet, kinesiology, news, physical education,&http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/mt32.htm'Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Maharishi University of Management, Fairfield, Iowa, USA 52557. Email: kdaley=AT=mum.eduForbes-Ewan, C
2002B8sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#editorial (317 words)
News$article, peer review, publishXRStrategies to cope with the paucity of acceptable articles submitted to this site.:3http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#editorialo'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzHopkins, W G
2002Data-analysis tutorialSportscience6e4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm (143 words)
NewsLFeffect statistics, inference, quantitative analysis, simple statistics("A slideshow summary of statistics.0)http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nz|Batterham, A M
2002D>Comment on probabilities of clinical or practical significanceSportscience6\0*sportsci.org/jour/0201/amb.htm (725 words)
News:3effect magnitude, P value, statistical significancef,%http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/amb.htmt'}Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom. Email a.m.batterham=AT=bath.ac.uk.Batterham, A M
2002(!Comment on dimensions of research.Sportscience6\4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/ambdim.htm (1795 words)\Uanalysis, case study, design, paradigm, qualitative, quantitative, sample, statisticsf.(http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/ambdim.htm'}Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom. Email a.m.batterham=AT=bath.ac.ukdBooth, D
2002>7Comment on qualitative vs quantitative designs [Letter]oSportscience6\81sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db (663 words)
News,&case study, paradigm, research, sample0*Disagreement about the nature of research.2,http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#db'pjSchool of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Email dbooth=AT=pooka.otago.ac.nz Daley, K./
2002$Moving Together: Newsletter 32Sportscience6a&sportsci.org/jour/0201/mt32.htm\
NewsSportscience6/Internet, kinesiology, news, physical education,&http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/mt32.htm'Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Maharishi University of Management, Fairfield, Iowa, USA 52557. Email: kdaley=AT=mum.eduForbes-Ewan, C
2002B8sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#editorial (317 words)
News$article, peer review, publishXRStrategies to cope with the paucity of acceptable articles submitted to this site.:3http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm#editorialo'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nzHopkins, W G
2002Data-analysis tutorialSportscience6e4.sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm (143 words)
NewsLFeffect statistics, inference, quantitative analysis, simple statistics("A slideshow summary of statistics.0)http://sportsci.org/jour/0201/inbrief.htm'piHealth Science, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1020, New Zealand. Email will=AT=clear.net.nz